J Biol Chem 1999 Apr 30;274(18):12361-6
Reiske HR, Kao SC, Cary LA, Guan JL, Lai JF, Chen HC
Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.
We have previously shown that overexpression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells promoted their migration on fibronectin. This effect was dependent on the phosphorylation of FAK at Tyr-397. This residue was known to serve as a binding site for both Src and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), implying that either one or both are required for FAK to promote cell migration. In this study, we have examined the role of PI3K in FAK-promoted cell migration. We have demonstrated that the PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, were able to inhibit FAK-promoted migration in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, a FAK mutant capable of binding Src but not PI3K was generated by a substitution of Asp residue 395 with Ala. When overexpressed in CHO cells, this differential binding mutant failed to promote cell migration although its association with Src was retained. Together, these results strongly suggest that PI3K binding is required for FAK to promote cell migration and that the binding of Src and p130(Cas) to FAK may not be sufficient for this event.
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